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Armies of the world. Romania

Population: 22 231 thousand people. The military budget is 1 billion dollars (2001). The regular forces are 103 000 people. The reserve - 470 000 people, including land forces - 400 000, air force - 40 000, naval forces - 30 000. Militarized formations - 75 900 people, including frontier troops - 22 900, gendarmerie- 53000. Recruitment for the army - draft. Hitch - 12 months. Mobilization resources - 5,9 million people, including 4,9 million able-bodied men.

Land forces: 52 900 people, 3 army corps headquarters (in each 2-3 mechanized, 1 tank, 1 mountainous, 1 artillery and 1 antitank brigads), 1 detached antitank, 2 airborne and SAM brigades, 1 protection brigade, 1 detached artillery, 1 SAM and 3 engineer regiments. One third of the units is manned by 100 percents, the send third - by 50-70 and the last third - by 10-20 percents.

Arms: 9 tactical rocket systems Luna, 1 373 tanks (821 T-55, 30 T-72, 314 TR-85M1, 208 TR-580), 177 infantry fighting vehicles MU-84, 170 armoured reconnaissance vehicles (BRDM-2, ABC-M), 2 431 towed howitzers (TAB-77, TABC-79, TAB-71), 788 towed guns and 90 self-propelled guns, 177 122 mm MLRS APR-40, 368 122 mm mortars, 298 antitank missile systems, 1 512 antiaircraft gun, 62 surface-to-air missile systems, 6 pilotless vehicles.

Air force: 18 900 people (including 7 000 in service for a fixed period}, 313 war-planes, 16 combat helicopters. Tactical units and elements: 4 fighting and bomber air regiments, 2 air defence fighter regiments, 1 transport air squadron, 2 reconnaissance air squadrons. Planes and helicopters: 73 IAR-93 (A, B), 15 IAR-99, 180 MiG-21 (BIS, R, U), 40 MiG-23, 18 MiG-29, 12 Il-28, 6 An-24, 11 An-26, 3 An-30, 2 Boeing 707, 4 C-13OB, 45 L-29, 31 L-39, 36 IAR-823, 23 Yak-52, 16 IAR-316, 79 IAR-330, 24 Mi-8, 2 Mi-17, 4 SA-365, 120 portable surface-to-air missile systems.

Naval forces: 10 200 people (including 5 000 in service for a fixed period), navy, the Danube flotilla and the Marine Corps. Navy: brigades of missile boats, minesweepers, anti-submarine defence; 1 submarine pr. 877E. 1 destroyer Mereshesht, 6 frigates (4 Tetal-1, 2 Tetal-2), 3 corvettes pr. 1241, 3 missile boats pr. 205, 26 boats (12 Eritrop, 14 Huchuan), 4 patrol ships Democracy, 27 patrol boats, 2 minelayers, 35 minesweepers (4 marine, 6 base, 25 river), 2 hydrographic vessels, 1 training sailing vessel. 2 supply ships, 4 tankers, 2 towboats. Naval aircraft; 8 helicopters (3 IAR-316B, 5 Mi-14PL).

Marines: the corps headquarters, 3 brigades of marines, 1 brigade of field artillery, 1 antitank battalion. Arms: 120 tanks, 208 armored troop carriers, 90 towed howitzers (54 122 mm, 36 152 mm), 12 122 mm MLRS, 36 120 mm mortars, 57 100 mm antitank guns. Coast defence: 4 batteries of 130 mm guns.





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